Th is an anthology; contributors include anthropologists, political scientists, historians, and sociologists. It is divided into three sections. The first looks at reconstructions of nationhood between WWI and WWII. The second looks at reconstruction without conflict resolution (in Greece, Turkey, Cyprus, Kurdistan).The third looks at reconstruction supervised by outside authorities (in the Balkans and Northern Ireland). The core question explored throughout is what society people feel they belong to, in the aftermath of a civil war.